The Capitol Dome

2018 Dome 55.1

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1. Edward Townsend (1818–93; West Point, Class of 1837) was adjutant general of the United States (1869–80). In West Point slang, "Yearling" (Yuck) denotes second-year cadets, and "Cow" denotes third- year cadets. Unless otherwise noted, all biographical material used in this article was drawn from the following pub- lished sources: Sarah Boehme, Christin F. Freest, and Patricia Condon Johnston, Seth Eastman: A Portfolio of North American Indians (Afton, MN, 1996); Lois Burkhalter, ed., A Seth Eastman Sketchbook, 1848– 1849 (Austin, TX, 1961); Brian W. Dippie, Catlin and His Contemporaries: The Politics of Patron- age (Lincoln, NE, 1980); John M. Elkins, Life on the Texas Frontier (privately published, 1908); Michael Horigan, Elmira: Death Camp of the North (Mechan- icsburg, PA, 2005); Marybeth Lorbiecki, Painting the Dakota: Seth Eastman at Fort Snelling (Afton, MN, 2000); John Francis McDermott, Seth Eastman: Pictorial Historian of the Indian (Norman, OK, 1961) and Seth Eastman's Mississippi: A Lost Portfolio Recovered (Urbana, IL, 1973); Charles M. Robinson, Frontier Forts of Texas (Houston, TX, 1986). The principal source for information about the individual forts, apart from personal site-visits, was Robert B. Roberts, Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States (New York, 1988). 2. Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, Historical and Statistical Information respecting the History, Condi- tion, and Prospects of the Indian Tribes of the United States . . . Illustrated by S. Eastman (6 vols., Philadel- phia, 1851–57). 3. On the title page of his American Drawing- Book (1st ed., New York, 1847), John Gadsby Chap- man wrote, "Anyone that can learn to write can learn to draw." 4. Seth Eastman, Treatise on Topographical Drawing (New York, 1837). 5. See Arthur D. Efland, A History of Art Educa- tion (New York, 1990), Chap. 4. 6. Rembrandt Peale, Graphics: A Manual of Drawing and Writing, for the Use of Schools and Families (New York, 1835), pp. 5, 6. 7. Seth Eastman's sketchbooks of his 1848 journey from Saint Louis to San Antonio now reside in the col- lection of the McNay Museum in San Antonio, Texas. A sketchbook covering his travels from Fort Snelling to Saint Louis the same year is in the Minneapolis Public Library. 8. Sébastien le Prestre de Vauban (1633–1707) was a French nobleman, marshal of France, and a pioneer in the art of military engineering. Vauban designed a new system of circumvallation designed to withstand sieges supported by modern artillery. His innovations gave birth to modern city-planning and concepts applied to both Major Peter L'Enfant's layout of Washington, D.C. and Georges-Eugène (Baron) Haussmann's Paris. 9. Joshua Rowley Watson (1771–1818) was a British naval officer and artist who, in 1816–17, trav- eled extensively in the Hudson Valley, Lake George, western New England, Chesapeake Bay, the Dela- ware and Hudson valleys, Philadelphia, Washington, D.C., and the Potomac River. Two sketchbooks of his American travels are known: one resides at the New York Historical Society Museum & Library, the other at the Barra Foundation in Wayne, Pennsylvania. An excellent book on the subject is Kathleen A. Foster and Kenneth Finkel, Captain Watson's Travels in America: The Sketchbooks of Captain Joshua Rowley Watson, 1771–1818 (Philadelphia, 1997). 10. Dino Buzzatti (1906–1972), Il Deserto dei Tartari (Milan, 1940; multiple English editions, translat- ed in 1952 by Stuart Clink Hood as The Tartar Steppe). 11. John Brinckerhoff Jackson (1909–96), The Necessity for Ruins and Other Topics (Amherst, MA, 1980). noTes James lancel mcelhinney is an indepen- dent scholar, visual artist, author, and oral historian. He earned an MFA in painting from Yale and has received numerous fellowships and grants, including a 2017 Pollock Krasner Grant and a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts. His Hudson Highlands is a suite of archival prints inspired by expeditionary art- ists such as John-James Audubon, William Guy Wall, George Catlin, and Seth Eastman. 29 THE CAPITOL DOME

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